How to pick the best heat pump
What makes a reliable heat pump? That is what we are trying to answer in this section. We are focusing on the crucial factors of these products. The guide starts with the basics, and you will learn more about heat pump types. We continue with important ratings, such as BTU, SEER, and HSPF, and we will consider other essential features that affect performance and durability. If you are ready to begin your search for the most reliable heat solution out there, let’s start!
Type of the heat pump
You can divide heat pumps depending on various factors. For example, if you are considering what you are heating, we have pumps designed for rooms and indoor areas, and units specialized for pools.
If we are talking about how to mount a product, you can choose between a ductless split-system, as well as window and wall-mounted pumps. The Frigidaire FFRH0822R1 might be the best window heat pump out there.
When choosing heat pumps, you should also consider the size of the space you are heating. A compact-sized unit might be enough for small rooms.
However, if you plan on heating large spaces or pools, you might need big heat pumps. Alternatively, you can consider using multiple pumps and spreading them throughout the area you are heating. That might be a more affordable solution in some cases.
BTU is an abbreviation for British thermal unit. The unit doesn’t belong to the international system of units (SI), but it is widely used to define the potential of a heating unit. A single BTU is needed to heat a pound of water by one Fahrenheit.
The reason why BTU rating is important for heat pumps is that it is directly related to how powerful the unit is. The more BTU a product has, the bigger the surface it can heat, and the higher the temperature it can achieve.
You can heat smaller rooms with units from 5,000-8,000BTU, but the experts recommend going over 10,000BTU for mid-sized areas. Standard units may deliver up to 36,000BTU, just like the Goodman 3 Ton 14 SEER Heat Pump does. If you are heating a pool or a particularly large area, you can go for extremely powerful heat pumps. For example, the Hayward HP21404T HeatPro can deliver up to 140,000BTU.
SEER and HSPF ratings
These two ratings are important because they describe the heat pump’s energy efficiency. Here is an overview of their purpose:
- HSPF – this stands short for heating seasonal performance factor, and it describes how efficient a heat pump is in heating. It is a ratio between BTU that the device delivers and electricity used (measured in Watts per hour). Any device with an HSPF rating above eight is considered highly efficient.
- SEER – the SEER rating describes the seasonal energy efficiency ratio. You will find this rating in HVAC systems that provide both heating and cooling. It is a ratio between BTU and Watts per hour.
Both of these ratings can be important, especially if you plan to apply for a US tax credit.
We already discussed the power or heat pumps described with BTU rating, but what about their power consumption?
First of all, you should consider different power sources. You will rarely find units that operate at both 110 and 220V. A more frequent combination is 208/230V, and some units operate at 110/115V. Your choice will depend on the installations in your home, so make sure to pick a fitting heat pump.
Apart from power sources, you also want to consider power consumption. It is only normal to try and reduce your utility bills, especially if you have a large home to heat.
You want to find a heat pump with the highest energy efficiency. If a unit has an energy-efficiency certificate, the manufacturer will proudly publish that in the product’s description.
The basic function of a heat pump is to heat a room, area, or pool. However, you may need to adjust the unit so that its performance fits your needs.
The best heat pump system can be controlled to the smallest detail. You will find that you can adjust the desired temperature, fan speed, or activate the energy-saving mode. Additionally, some units allow you to set the timer to activate or deactivate the unit or restart it in case of a failure.
You can control heat pumps in one or more of the following ways:
- Remote control – it is the easiest way of controlling a heat pump from afar. Most units, including the Pioneer 24000 BTU Mini-Split, come with remote control.
- Display – a display panel will usually be located at the front of the unit. You use switches and buttons to set the desired adjustments.
- Wi-Fi kits – these allow you to control a heat pump via smartphones and other supported gadgets. You can find that with units like the Della 048-TL-12K1V-20S-I+O.
While optimal performance is your primary consideration, the size of the heat pump should also fit your needs. The general idea to keep the parts as small as possible. That rule applies to both inside and outside components as that decreases the overall size of the system.
Before you purchase a heat pump system, consider where you plan to use and place it. You may want to compare the dimensions of the unit with the available space in the designated location.
You don’t want the heat pump to be bigger than the area where you plan to place it because the product may become unusable in that location.
Heat pumps use fans to increase the temperature in the room. Thereby, it is only natural that they generate a certain noise level. It is important to keep the pump as silent as possible, especially if you plan to spend a lot of time in that room.
For example, let’s say that you need a heat pump for your office. A loud unit may prevent you from focusing on tasks at hand, which reduces your productivity. That is why you should stick to units that offer quiet operation, such as the Pioneer 24000 BTU Mini Split.
Since heat pumps are a pricey investment, you want the systems to last as long as possible. That is why it is crucial to pick a product with durable components.
The manufacturers often choose high-quality materials, but the best possible pick is titanium. Although it increases the price significantly, you can rest assured the unit will last for years.
As for other details, you want to look for parts with corrosion resistance to extend the longevity of the parts. Additionally, if you have some components that sunlight can affect, you can benefit from UV resistance.
Although it doesn’t have to play a crucial role, the warranty can also be an important indicator of the product’s quality. If the product seems to be of excellent quality, but the warranty is surprisingly short, you may start wondering why the manufacturer doesn’t trust the unit.
The longer the warranty, the safer you are if anything goes wrong. A huge majority of manufacturers are willing to honor the warranty and ensure customer satisfaction. However, it is our recommendation to stick to reliable brands, such as the ones mentioned in our reviews.
Are you wondering how expensive a heat pump is? The truth is that these products are not cheap, but you might be eligible for a US tax credit or another deal.
If we consider prices, we can divide heat pumps into three different groups. The first one includes affordable devices, such as the Frigidaire FFRH082R1. These are available for under $500, but you can also look for a unit within the $1,000 range. That is where the Della 048-TL-12K1V-20S-I+O can deliver plenty of bang for the buck.
The next price range is between $1,000 and $2,000, and the Pioneer 24000 BTU Mini Split can be a wise choice in that category. Additionally, you may want to check out the Goodman 3 Ton 14 SEER Heat Pump, which has some tempting features for a mid-range priced unit.
The most expensive pool heat pumps often go over $2,000, and sometimes up to $5,000 without installation. The Hayward HP21404T HeatPro is an incredibly powerful heat pump, but also a product that requires a high initial investment.